The Caraga Health Research and Development Consortium (CHRDC) through the Philippine Health Research Ethics Board (PHREB) conducted an online training on Good Research Practice for CHRDC researchers and committee representatives last March 8 – 9, 2021 via Zoom. The training aimed to increase awareness of the importance of ethics in research, recognize different vulnerabilities of study groups, recognize the underlying ethical principles in the different international guidelines, and practice ethical sensitivity in research. Dr. Marita V. T. Reyes, member of the National Ethics Committee, and Dr. Gemma N. Balein, lecturer of the Philippine Health Research Ethics Board – Committee on Information Dissemination, Training, and Advocacy (CIDTA) were the resource persons of the 2-day training.
Dr. Reyes and Dr. Balein discussed hand-in-hand the indicators of social value in research; scientific validity; transparency and conflict of interest; research dissemination and authorship; ethical issues in protocol development and data analysis; ethical issues in social research; ethical issues in observational and interventional research; the structure of an ethics review committee; and the ethics review process. Through the lectures, the participants learned the importance of social value and scientific validity of any form of research. To identify its social value, a research must have a significance to science and the society, the research design must be scientifically sound, there must be a detailed protocol that can be easily validated, expected outcomes must be relevant, and the study must always indicate a dissemination plan. A research study must also embody the ideal objectives. Objectives of the study must be specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and timely (SMART). Aside from the lectures, interactive plenary sessions, small group discussions and presentations, and role play were also conducted for the participants to get a wider grasp on the topics being provided. Out from the workshops, the participants were able to perform a mock review following the form from the standard operating procedures of the National Ethics Committee. They were able to comprehensively evaluate the proposals based on the guide questions in the NEC Form No. 4.
Dr. Shirline Medori T. Alegre, Research Director of Father Saturnino Urios University and member of the CHRDC Research Management Committee, expressed her gratitude on behalf the participants. She also shared to the training that the FSUU is already in the planning stage to have research ethics committee and that outcomes of the workshop will be applied the next stage of their strategic plan.